The SoPD has a policy of not advertising or endorsing products/services.
This rule is in place to avoid any ethical/conflict of interest situations. It does little, however, to stop folks from bombarding the comments sections with links for wondrous magical cures which probably involve more ‘magical’ than actual cure.
Having said all that, every now and then I find or read about something that I think may be of interest to readers. In many of those cases, I can not vouch for the information being provided, but where I think there is the potential to stimulate the imagination of the reader, I am happy to take a chance and share it.
Today’s post is all about one such case: Not impossible labs.
The first character in this story is a graffiti artist.
His name is Tony ‘Tempt’ Quan.
Tempt grew up in east Los Angeles, painting his name and art across the city from the 1980s onwards. He became the stuff of myth and legend – one of the most influential figures in the graffiti scene in California for a generation.
But that all changed in 2003, when – at 34 years of age – Tempt was diagnosed with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (or ALS).
Also known as motor neurone disease or Lou Gehrig’s disease, ALS is a neurodegenerative condition that leaves the sufferer completely paralysed. There are only two FDA-approved drugs for the treatment of ALS, but they have little if any impact on disease course.
For 6 years, Tempt lay paralysed and did not produce a single piece of art.
And that was when the second character in this story appeared.
His name was Mick Ebeling.
Mick Ebeling. Source: Youtube
Ebeling was a successful American film, television and commercial producer/entrepreneur. He ran the Ebeling Group – a film production company focused on animation and visual effects.
By shear chance, Ebeling went to a fund raising event for Tempt, and (again) by shear chance he found himself sitting across from Tempt’s father and brother. Their conversation turned to the issues of simply communicating with Tempt – at that time the family were using a board with alphabetical letters on it and dragging their fingers across it until Tempt blinked for the correct letter. It was a slow and tortorous method of communicating with the outside world.
Ebeling’s first thought was “Hey, why don’t I get one of those Stephen Hawking voice machines for Tempt and his family?“.
ALS sufferer Prof Stephen Hawking. Source: theverge
But it was Ebeling’s second thought that changed everything:
“And why stop there?”
Ebeling figured if eye movement can be used to communicate, then why not use them to make art?
And with absolutely no technical engineering background, he got started.
Driven by the questions “If not now, then when? If not me, then who?”, in April 2009, Ebeling flew five engineers from Graffiti Research Lab, Free Art and Technology Lab, and openFrameworks to his Venice beach home in Los Angeles.
And in the living room of that house, the team began banging around ideas, building prototypes, going back to the drawing board, hacking fixes, and re-testing new ideas…
…until they eventually created the EyeWriter.
It is “a low-cost, open source eye-tracking system that will allow ALS patients to draw using just their eyes. The long-term goal is to create a professional/social network of software developers, hardware hackers, urban projection artists and ALS patients from around the world who are using local materials and open source research to creatively connect and make eye art“.
The device enables paraysed individuals to interact with the world around them (communicate, create art, etc) using only the movement of their eyes.
The Eyewriter project was an important step in the setting up of Not Impossible Labs.
Founded on the principle of “Technology for the Sake of Humanity”, since 2008, Not Impossible Labs has been engineering, programming, hacking and crowd-solving problems. They have been focusing on providing low-cost solutions to issues of inability and inaccessibility.
But why am I explaining this to you, just watch this video:
And I know what you are thinking: what does any of this have to do with Parkinson’s?
Well, in addition to a host of other interesting projects (such as helping the deaf to ‘hear’ music – click here to learn more about that), Not Impossible Labs has also developed a system called VibroHealth, which is focused on people with Parkinson’s.
The VibroHealth system comes with four wearables (which are placed on each of the wrists and ankles). These bands have mini-motors embedded in them that vibrate across a spectrum of rhythms, amplitudes and frequencies. There is also a mobile app which can allow individuals to tune the devices to their needs.
The technology is still being developed, but after observing some interesting preliminary results using the system, Not Impossible Labs has apparently initiated a clinical study with the Department of Rehabilitation and Human Performance at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (but I have not been able to find any information about this beyond the group’s website).
And cynical readers should understand that this is not the first time vibrations have been proposed for Parkinson’s.
In fact, legendary French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot (1825–1893) was one of the first to propose ‘shaking’ people with Parkinson’s as a therapy.
Jean-Martin Charcot (Source: Wikipedia)
Charcot observed that people with Parkinson’s often experienced a reduction in their resting tremor following a carriage ride or horse riding. As a result, he developed a ‘vibratory chair’ which simulated the rhythmic shaking of a carriage (any volunteers?). And later there were efforts to develop a ‘vibratory helmet’ to shake the head (no volunteers?).
Shaking therapy for Parkinson’s. Source: PMC
And more recently there has been the wonderful story of Emma Lawton and the bracelet that Microsoft engineers made for her:
Emma Lawton was diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease at just 29 years of age. Working with Haiyan Zhang (Director of Innovation at Microsoft Research) and colleagues, a bracelet was created that counteracted the tremor in Emma’s wrist.
The Emma bracelet. Source: Mashable
And in initial testing, this bracelet certainly appeared to help Emma with her tremor symptoms:
Emma’s writing before (left) and after (right) the bracelet was turned on. Source: Theverge
And the sceptical readers out there should know that there is actually a great deal of research backing the idea of ‘tremor attenuating’ devices.
There are in effect two types of tremor attenuating devices: Active and Passive.
- Active devices typically include a sensing and actuating components, as well as a power supply.
- Passive devices are purely mechanical (usually involving weights or magnets)
And these different experimental devices have been applied in different ways to conditions involving tremor, such as essential tremor and Parkinson’s (Click here, here and here to read examples of this research).
Parkinson’s is actually a combination of different types of tremors. And those tremors can vary according to different circumstances (resting or during movement), different body parts involved (hands, feet, head, etc), and different frequency of the tremor (from low (4–5 times per second) to high (8–10 times per second)).
There are many different types of tremor but only a few of them apply to Parkinson’s. In 1998, the Movement Disorder Society published a classification scheme that categorizes three types of tremor associated with Parkinson’s:
Title: Consensus statement of the Movement Disorder Society on Tremor. Ad Hoc Scientific Committee.
Authors: Deuschl G, Bain P, Brin M.
Journal: Mov Disord 1998;13 Suppl 3:2-23.
Those three types of tremor are:
1. A resting tremor with the same frequency – This tremor is the most common and it is usually inhibited during movement.
2. A resting tremor of different frequencies – this form of tremor occurs in less than 10% of people with Parkinson’s.
3. A postural tremor with a frequency varying between 4 and 9 times per second. These types of tremor are rare in the overall Parkinson’s population, but are common in the very rigid version of Parkinson’s.
So what does it all mean?
There are two things I dislike in life:
1. Waking up every morning – let me explain: Every day, we rise again from our slumber and we are blessed with another 16-18 hours of opportunity. But because this is a fixed schedule of reinforcement, we have learnt very quickly from a very young age to take it for granted. “Oh’ll I’ll do that tomorrow” we say when a job is left in complete. Why? Because tomorrow is almost guaranteed.
2. Waiting – I am extremely patient when it comes to things that require time (for example, the ageing of a good bottle of wine – I have several that have been down for more than 20 years – #ProbablyVinegar), but traffic jams drive me completely postal! Why? Because tomorrow is NOT guaranteed.
As a result of these two things, I am always hugely impressed and inspired by the efforts of others to make a difference in the world, particularly where there is no potential for personal gain.
I have shared the example of Not Impossible Labs in this post today solely because I like the story behind it (and it is a similar situation with the Emma watch story – there is a good story behind it). Please understand that I am not endorsing or vouching for either product. Whether the tremor attenuating device technology helps members of the Parkinson’s community and provides a better quality of life, that is for readers to explore and determine for themselves. I have shared the topic here simply because I thought it may be of interest.
And hopefully the stories behind the products will help to inspire others to do great things.
Fate whispers to the warrior, ‘You cannot withstand the storm.’
The warrior whispers back, ‘I am the storm’
The banner for today’s post was sourced from Prnewswire